Galerie Philippe Gravier will be exhibiting the sculptural works of French sculptorClaude Parent as well as Japanese architect Kengo Kuma for the very first time on the most iconic of all Parisian squares: the Place de la Concorde. The location is a development of the FIAC Hors les Murs promenade in the Jardin des Tuileries, and the architectural project presents a combination of historic and contemporary architecture and artists’ houses. Around 40 sculptures and installations will be presented in situ, within a number of locations around Paris including the Petit Palais, around the Grand Palais, and on Avenue Winston Churchill.
The fascinating selection of artworks scattered around Paris gives artists and galleries an opportunity to enter into dialogue with historically rich Parisian heritage, at the same time giving passersby an opportunity to engage with art against a beautiful scenic backdrop.
Claude Parent: Blending Form and Function
The French-born Claude Parent (b. 1923 – 2016) is one of France’s most renowned architects on the international art scene, admired by many, particularly that of Jean Novel. Parent was the founding father of the ‘Function of the Oblique’, alongside friend Paul Virilio, which established a new relationship with the ground based on instability and irregularity. He believed that buildings should feature slopes, ramps and angles, be wall-free wherever possible and have a predominance of space over the surface; it is these qualities that embody the piece Les Ilots that will be installed at Place de la Concorde. Irregular, discontinuous forms and sloping lines are remarkably combined. Les Ilots is composed of steel and aluminum, which are at once objects of furniture design as well as sculpture.
Kengo Kuma: An Alternative Experience between Architecture and Landscape
The Japanese born Kengo Kuma (b. 1954 – present) provides a new perspective between bamboo, traditional Japanese wood, paper, and textiles. He lives and works between Paris and Tokyo, and the heritage of Japanese culture and the modernity of contemporary architectural forms inform his discourse in perfect harmony with nature. The artwork that will be presented at Place de la Concorde entitled OWAN introduces rhythm and diversity into spatial experiments. The piece was influenced by a variety of materials including a traditional Japanese tea bowl and fish scales, creating its multifaceted outcome. By fusing the metal with its natural environment, a contour that is never defined, OWAN combines the indoor with the outdoor creating a nomadic, modular, and durable artwork that introduces a sense of rhythm to the landscape in which it is placed.
Post-War Italian Art: Tornabuoni at Frieze Master’s
Tornabuoni Gallery was founded in 1981 in Florence (Italy) by Roberto Casamati, specializing in Italian art of the 20th century. Spanning across Europe and the United Kingdom, the gallery has spaces in Florence, Milan, Forte Dei Marmi (Italy), Paris (France), London (UK) and Crans Montana (Switzerland). For its third consecutive year, TornabuoniArt will be returning to Frieze Master’s (4th – 7th October) in London at Regents Park. Aiding the discovery of several thousands of years of art in a unique contemporary context, Frieze Masters will feature more than 130 leading modern and historical galleries from around the world, showcasing art from the ancient era and Old Masters to the late 20th century. Running parallel to the fair at their London space, TornabuoniArt will be exhibiting a selection of works by the artist Afro Basaldella entitled ‘Afro: Gesture, Line and Colour: The Makings of an Abstract Expressionist’.
Spotlighting the best of 20th Century Italian Art
GIUSEPPE-CAPOGROSSI, Superficie 266, 1951-54, oil on canvas 65×50-cm
Amongst the 9 artists that will be presented at the fair perhaps one of the most notable is Lucio Fontana (b. 1899 – 1968), who focussed his artistic principles around the concepts of time and space, contributing to the aesthetic movement Spacialism. Following this Fontana started making holes on the surfaces of his paintings, deepening his spacial research, and imparting a 3 dimension to his paintings by working on them as a sculpture. His works were all different versions invariably entitled Concetto Spaziale.
Enrico Castellani (b. 1930 – present) , also presented at the fair, was closely acquainted with Fontana, along with Vincenzo Agnetto and Piero Manzoni. These key figures of the Italian avant-garde strongly protested against Informal Art and wanted to develop a new pictorial language. Castellani rejected mimetic art and believed that light, shadow, and space had to be included in the painting without being actually represented with descriptive means. He created his first Superficie, now emblematic of his work, as an answer to his ideas. These works consist of monochrome paintings pushed and lifted with hidden nails behind the canvas. Castellani still give relief to plane surfaces and creates striking light and shadow games.
Another iconic artist one gets to awe at amongst the masterpieces at the fair is Piero Dorazio, who, after a break with figurative painting, contributed to the Forma I manifesto in 1947, alongside Pietro Consagra, Achille Perelli, Carla Accardi and Julio Turcato. Markedly inspired by futurism and expressing leftist political views, the manifesto strongly contrasted with socialist realism, as illustrated by Renato Guttuso. It signaled Dorazio’s full embrace of abstract art and served as a guideline for the rest of his work. Dorazio pursued his career with a cubist approach, then futurism, with bright, contrasting colors. Although his work can appear scattered, the guiding principle remains the movement of the hand, which also serves as a basis for color and light.
PIERO DORAZIO Jeux de distance, 1962 oil on canvas, 81×100 cm
Carla Accardi (b.1924 – 2014), was a key figure in the Italian abstract art of the latter half of the 20th century, she also contributed to the Forma I manifesto in 1947. In the early 1950s, she was the only woman represented in a number of shows and exhibitions featuring Alberto Burri, Lucio Fontana, and Mattia Moreni. During that period she worked with an incredibly limited palette, almost monochrome and minimalist, in response to Jackson Pollock’s action painting. Her chromatic dynamism had a major influence on the Arte Povera movement, both in Italy and Europe.
The full list of artists at the fair include Giuseppe Capogrossi, Alberto Burri, Libio Basaldella Afro, Lucio Fontana, Salvatore Scarpitta, Enrico Castellani, Piero Dorazio, Carla Accardi and Mario Ceroli.
Tornabuon Art will also be present at FIAC, Paris (18th – 21st October) where they will be exhibiting the art of Giorgio Morandi, Lucio Fontana, Emilio Vedova, Piero Dorazio, Enrico Castellani, Dadamaino, Agostino Bonalumi, Alberto Biasi, Alighiero Boetti, Paolo Scheggi, Pier Paolo Calzolari, and Mikayel Ohanjanyan. Their Paris space will be dedicated to a show exhibiting the works of Alberto Burri, who will also be present at their booth during Frieze Masters.
Inaugurated in 2010 and designed by the Israeli architect Ron Arad, the building has gained acclaim and recognition throughout the globe turning it into a symbol of Israeli architecture. Located in the Eastern part of the new culture area beside the Holon Institute of Technology, Design Museum Holon spreads in 3200 m2. “The museum invites you to walk in without having to go through a gate or conventional entrance, (…) and it is surrounded by a shell that gives its signature” declared Mr. Ron during our conversation. The construction is a work of art by itself, and unlike many Western buildings it has “not a single column” making it resemble a Möbius strip that gives its unique appearance. Visitors find themselves engulfed by the steel structure, the only contact they have with the outside world is through the sky above. From the very beginning, the passenger is imbued in an ecosystem where design is omnipresent: industrial design, fashion, architecture and even jewellery all are gathered in a space.
Furthermore, the institution’s ambitious programme prioritise the development of design at a local scale highlighting design’s significance in the construction of a national identity. Indeed, design is expected to become a main export industry of the country, and the city of Holon is the laboratory where the operation has been taking place over the last years. The curatorial strategy corroborates the historic discourse behind the institution as the first “continuum” or section comprises design pieces made between the 1930’s until the 20th century in Israel.
The institution’s ambitious programme prioritise the development of design at a local scale highlighting design’s significance in the construction of a national identity.
On the other hand, the second continuum devoted to contemporary creations gives the audience a global overview of design’s development not only in Israel but around the world. This initiative places the museum in the international scene exhibiting the work of renowned designers such as Jaime Hayon or the designs by the Japanese studio Nendo. Additionally, the museum is a platform for local and young creators as every year the collection is broadened with a selection of graduate works by students from the Israeli design academies. Although the discipline is subjected to a greater plan, the museum is genuinely committed to leading the way by innovating and exploring every aspect of the discipline. Via the collection, the audience is invited to learn and understand the technological changes and tendencies in the world of design. The current exhibition Sound and Matter in Design is testimony to this interest in exploring and breaking paradigms. The show investigates the way design has been shaping sound through the construction of objects such as sound systems. Uniting matter and sound, it examines spaces, environments and objects.
Nevertheless, industrial design is not the only area considered, fashion and jewelry participate in the museum’s life and a number of exhibitions have been dedicated to them. In 2012 a show was devoted to the Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto and later on, in 2015 a solo exhibition of Iris Van Herpen’s work took place in the museum. Both are tutelar figures in the fashion industry and their approach is extremely forward-looking. While Van Herper is inspired by technology and 3D printing, Yamamoto’s designs challenge gender roles and give to women’s body an “abnormal” shape, sometimes considered as masculine. As for jewelry, the creations of Dana Hakim Bercovich were the subject of the exposition Through the Mesh, where she transformed useless materials into jewels. Through this process she gave a second life to garbage, a poetic process reminiscent of Duchamp’s ready-made.
Faithful to their original purpose, the museum’s educational activities raise awareness on design’s importance in the city’s life. The rich program as well as their partnership with international institutions such as the Design Museum in London makes it a museum engaged in the local and global design scene. With a prime investment of 17 million dollars, the museum is helping to the establishment of Holon as a cosmopolitan city.
Contemporary Israeli artist Sigalit Landau explores Judaic symbols and Israel’s history. Via her artistic practice, the audience understands and is instructed on the current state of mind of the artistic ecosystem.
Karl Lagasse, French renowned artist was asked to create the trophy for the American Film Festival of Deauville, a special trophy inspired by his artwork Cryptogramme One.
Since an early age, Karl Lagasse has devoted himself to the art field, creating at the very beginning mostly collages. Following the same train of thought, his aesthetics evolved and were turned into the urban realm. His fascination for the one dollar bill was therefore born from his passion for American pop culture and its symbols such as the “self-made man” and the American dream. The story of the one dollar bill unveils the roots and ideology of a nation inspiring others to follow their steps, a nation that freed from the colonial yoke and succeeded. In depicting it more than often, Lagasse intends to restore the lost meaning of the bill by creating flexible sculptures symbolising the dynamism of the American economic system.
Nevertheless, if Lagasse is known for this particular work, his oeuvres are more than eclectic. In 2011 he exhibited for the first time at the Salon of Art in Monaco his Visual Cryptograms, monumental towers decorated with words and phrases emitting peace messages. Moreover, in 2012, the Deauville municipality installed at the entrance his sculpture named Cryptogram One. For this year’s edition of the American Film Festival, Lagasse has created a special trophy inspired by Cryptogram One. Furthermore, collaborating with Prouès, a leather goods laborer – the best in this category in France – Lagasse participated in the creation of a “One” bag, same that is given with the trophy. The latter was made with cast aluminium mirror polished and among the messages one can read “Hope”, “Deauville”, “Septième Art” (referring to cinema). Overall, 13 trophies will be distributed during the Festival to movie stars.
In a neo-liberal market, it is not enough to sell a product, the product must offer to the consumer a unique experience and create a bond with him. Rashid’s designs don’t solely fill a task but create universes where the product is a catalyst transmuting existence. Unlike art, design is a political and economic act, as it reflects human needs and contributes to the shaping of the global market whereas art is “selfish”. Patterns, symbols, signs and the semantic of technology inhabit Rashid’s universe encouraging new forms of communication, accelerating entrance to the near future. With functionality, comfort and visual aesthetics, Rashid’s industrial designs are recognizable amidst the products populating the market and have become part of the designer’s brand, his success is directly related to the use of a vast palette of colours (a penchant for pink is noticeable) and the creation of objects such as the “blobject” a term referring to sensuous, blunt, minimalist objects that defined the 1990’s decade. New objects invented by Rashid obey to new behaviours and challenge our perspective by creating warm and human atmospheres imbued in new technologies. The perception of a cold and sterile environment contrasts with the wide range of warm colours in the designer’s merchandise, the future for Rashid is not as impersonal as presented in sci-fi movies or dystopias, rather he intends to celebrate individuality by combining and challenging our contemporary perception of taste and refinement. Furthermore, mass production is greeted and personifies a democratic ideal, industrial designs summarise for the designer an ideal society, in which customisable experiences, high quality and ecological objects are at everybody’s reach.
1. How do you think art and design are connected?
Art reflects life. Art is selfish, design is democratic. I do both and love both. I let design inspire my art and my art inspire design BUT design is a social act, a political act and an economic act. Design is about ‘art of real issues’. Creativity is not enough in design. Design must answer to all the issues of use, behaviour, aesthetics, manufacturing processes, material’s ecological issues, marketing, dissemination, etc. The more in tune we are with the commercial world the more relevant our work is. Design is about creating the physical utopia of our everyday life. I love life and I love design and I love art and music and I love and passionate people.
2. Why do you think design hasn’t evolved at the same pace as technology? How do your designs intend to enable people to “live in the modus of our time”?
People like to assume that design moves with more superficial trends but, it is technology that drives us. Industrial design is driven by designers embracing new technologies, whether it is material, production method, or mechanical invention. So future innovation will depend on how we as designers embrace newness. Hence design is inseparable from innovation and technology.
It can be difficult to see style in the present. Only posthumously can we recognize a trend. But I think style and design are driven by new technologies. Designs should and do change with the introduction of new technologies. All important pieces over the last century became iconic because they were created with new technology. For example, the Bruer chair used steel tube bending from a bicycle factory. The Alvar Aalto chair used plywood tube technology inspired by a local fabricator of wooden sewage tubes, etc. The first plastic molded mono bloc chair existed because we had the resin technology and injection machine technology to create it. The Eames embraced one of the first compound bent plywood machines.
3. Design is a quintessential “cultural shaper”. How are your designs shaping culture and what are they offering to the consumer other than a different experience?
My designs are a manifestation of my soul, like a composer creating music. I called my first book: “I want to change the world” and that upset many design critics and yet if a musician gave a record the same title no one would say anything. I am super passionate, hyper driven, consumed by the need to produce and disseminate beauty and keep creating. This is how I change the world. My message is to be you and enjoy life. Why isn’t design widely regarded as a shaper of our world and culture, just as much as music or art? A beautifully designed world – products from head to toe, high end to low – can bring us joy and progress.
Karim Rashid – Offect Orgy Sofa
4. Could you tell us about the palette of colours you use and the importance of language in your designs? What would be the role of each of them?
I love pink and techno colours- colours that have the vibrancy and energy of our digital world. There are really millions of colours so it is ridiculous in this life to have a single favourite of anything- favourite song, favourite book. I did my master’s thesis on colour – and we know that climate, natural landscapes and nature all have an impact on colour biases – but now that the world is becoming more global, that consumption and capitalism are driving the tastes and sensitivities of the majority of the world, I think that colour is omni-cultural, omnipresent, and universal.
When I’m designing I am quite pragmatic thinking about colours- for example I am interested in communicating our technological age, or I am interested in creating a ‘digestive’ pallet for a restaurant (lime is one of them – a most conducive colour to dining), or certain hues of pinks that create a sense of well-being, of energy, or of positive spirit, etc.
Karim Rashid Bozart Orange & Green
5. Could you please define the term “kitsch”? Why are your designs so reluctant to be identified with it?
The world now walks a fine line between kitsch and art. New culture demands new forms, concepts, materials and styles. Authenticity is essential. The problem with kitsch is that is holds us back by keeping us mired in nostalgia and the same rote sentimentality. It runs on the currency of the tried-and-true, the popular, the traditional and the easily recognizable. Design should be about embarking on new visions, forms and meanings that correlate with our contemporary world. We must be bold in testing the furthest reaches of our imaginations and kitsch makes us satisfied with what’s already there. I believe that we can do better. Why do we ‘accept’ kitsch – kitsch is crazy! Design is about progress, about moving us forward, about challenging and elevating the human spirit.
6. If we agree upon the idea that every object converges an ideology, what ideology would you be transmitting through your designs (object and architecture designs)? Would it be accurate to say that your designs are phenomenological experiences and why?
I am interested in designing products as a “Rapture of Experience”. Our lives are elevated when we experience beauty, comfort, luxury, performance and utility seamlessly together. I am interested in showing the world how a contemporary physical world can be warm, soft, human and pleasurable.
7. How do you combine democracy, humanness and uniqueness in your designs?
Ever since I was a child I wondered why there couldn’t be a more democratic design that everyone could enjoy. But today, design can sell. Manufacturers can make good business from design. I have had several agendas for 20 years. Firstly, to create democratic objects and to democratise design. Secondly, to disseminate design culture to a larger audience. Thirdly, to make design more human. My aesthetic is very human and I think it translates well into anything from furniture to a building. Design does change our everyday lives, our commodity and our behaviours. There are several points I think about simultaneously – production methods, materials, human interface, technologies, comfort, behaviour, form, aesthetics, costs, mobility, shipping of goods, ease of assembly, context, use and most importantly, the culture of the company I am working with.
Karim Rashid – Poly Hotel – Tel Aviv – Israel
8. How is design connected to human condition and how can the latter improve it?
Humans touch an average of 600 objects a day and the potential for them to help us or bring us joy is huge! The big challenge of design is to create something that, although accessible to all consumers, touches people’s lives and gives them some sense of elevated experience and pleasure and is original. Designers have the power to shape a better, smarter world, to simplify and yet inspire every individual, to make well-made and beautiful products accessible to all.
9. Could you tell us about your “socially committed” product designs? Do you believe industrial design is an activity embedded in the sociopolitical context and if so how can it make a difference?
I am interested in rethinking the banal, changing our commodity landscape and proposing new objects for new behaviours for diverse markets. I am interested in democratising design; I am interested in getting the public to be in the moment (not the past). I am trying to do away with class, elitism, mass and conventions. I am trying to eradicate high art and low art – I see one seamless world with no racial or economic differences. I believe that design is extremely consequential to our daily lives. Where we impact physical, physiological and sociological behaviour, by setting up conditions of human experience.
10. Do you believe there is a product that can be mass produced and also be “ecofriendly”?
Absolutely! There is great hope in biodegradable plastics, 100% recycled plastics, deriving plastics from sugar cane, plant-based and other renewable sources (interestingly these were used in the production of plastics in the early 1900s). New research and technologies may be able to continue to help shape a progressive plastic-material world but with environmentally responsible and sustainable results. Maybe one day we will live in a fantastic-plastic techno-organic world.
11. How are your designs cohabitating and embracing the new technologies? How do you use new machinery?
Technology allows me to explore territories, technologies and materials that have never been exploited before like rapid prototyping, parametric software, interface design, user experience design, biodegradable and technological materials. My staff is using the latest 3D software for everything we do. I was an early proponent of 3D printing for prototyping. I recently released a phone with Sirin Labs that boasts very advanced technologies that don’t exist elsewhere with mobile phones today, like a 4K screen and 3D surround sound (something I felt was always missing in the mobile industry) and the highest security defense mechanisms in its hardware and software and, it is made out of precision-engineered metal matrix composite. I frequently advocate for new materials such as bamboo fiber for my new Kreate tableware collection out of my China office, and plastic injection with Ipê Roxo for my Siamese Chair with A Lot Of, in Brazil. Ipê Roxo is one of the most exported woods from Brazil. Its bark is very rich in medicinal nutrients, the removal of the bark that completely regenerates in 2 years, happens especially in the Amazonian region. 40% is discarded for being excessively moist. The percentage that is usually eliminated is now used to develop the liquid wood.
Karim Rashid Paraiso Miami
12. How are you responding to the saturation of the market and how are your designs responding to new demands?
Every good design, should replace three lesser designs, to cut down on waste, to build long-lasting relationships with consumers and reinforcing a brand’s core value. Today the business of design is based on a plethora of complex criteria; human experience, social and global issues, economic and political issues, physical and mental interaction, form, vision, along with a rigorous understanding and desire of contemporary culture. Manufacturing is based on another collective group of criteria: capital investment, market share, production ease, dissemination, growth, distribution, maintenance and service, performance, quality, ecological issues and sustainability. The combination of all these issues shape our objects, informs our form, our physical space and culture, and our human experiences. These quantitative constructs together shape business, its identity, its brand, its value. This is the business of beauty. Every design should be completely concerned with beauty – it is, after all, a collective human need.
13. How do you constantly feed your creativity for innovation?
I am constantly looking at the world around me and critiquing objects, seeing how they could be redesigned. I have visited over 500 factories in my life and know every production method possible. I research materials perpetually. Each client presents its own challenge and its own possibility. I work with the strengths of the client – if they work with glass, fiberglass, wood, rotomolding, injection molding because these are the cultures of the company – and design is about this collaboration.
14. Could you tell us about the projects you’re currently working on? How have your designs evolved over the years?
On the horizon I’m designing several hotels, condominiums, restaurants and other hospitality projects around the world including a ground up, 500 room resort in Cancun as well as a 400 room budget hotel in Amsterdam, a hotel in Poland and Latvia, and a boutique hotel in Norway. I am also working on designing 4 condominium buildings in NYC and two more condo projects in Miami. I am finishing a hotel interior in Tel Aviv, a condominium in Latvia, and Café’s in Doha and Tangier. I am also designing a huge public interactive art installation for Expo 2017 in Astana, Kazakhstan. For products I’m designing new packaging for health products, new condom branding and packaging, outdoor lighting and furniture for several Spanish and Italian companies, furniture for a large Mexican retailer, tech & cleaning accessories, and furniture for several Italian and Spanish and Austrian companies
Design must evolve us – and create a beautification and betterment for society. Over the years my designs have been true to my vision but changed with technology. There were always designs I wanted to create but they were technologically impossible. Technological tools inspire me to make forms as sensual, as human, as evocative, as sculptural as possible but through new shapes that were historically impossible to make.
Karim Rashid Sexy Pool – Mexico
15. When designing hotels, how do you combine architecture and new technologies? What are these technologies giving to the customer?
I am a perfectionist and an idealist. I believe that design and technology can reduce the encumbrances of daily life. Bad design acts as stressors, it complicates tasks and brings no beauty into the world. Ideally, in a hotel design, I can utilise technology to create a seamless experience, an easy check-in, customisable experience for guests, unique and programmable lighting, and experiences they would never have in daily life.
Karim Rashid’s objective is to raise awareness on the importance of design in our everyday lives, through the conception of his objects he intends to create a new paradigm placing design as an indispensable quality of democracy. Until November 27th 2016, the Palazzo Michiel in Venice will be exhibiting an interior design by Rashid within the context of the Venice Design 2016. Digital Nature, an ecosystem conceived by the designer Abet Laminati, a leading manufacturer, immerge the spectator in Rashid’s mind constructing a space capable of giving life to inanimate objects, a space in syntony with our contemporary world.
A cultural landmark bears the responsibility of creating genuine dialogue with the public, to live up to the country’s history, and to play into Seoulites’ collective memory. A retrospective look into South Korean design history and how the establishment of the Dongdaemun Design Plaza has since catapulted Seoul’s fame to the world’s leading design capital.